What does the Bible say about Government?

 

GOVERNMENT

 

What does the Bible say about Government?

 

Romans 13:1-7

 

Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God. 2Consequently, whoever rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves. 3For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and you will be commended. 4For the one in authority is God's servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for rulers do not bear the sword for no reason. They are God's servants, agents of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. 5Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment but also as a matter of conscience. 6This is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God's servants, who give their full time to governing. 7Give to everyone what you owe them: If you owe taxes, pay taxes; if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor.

 

1 Timothy 2:1-3

 

I urge, then, first of all, that petitions, prayers, intercession and thanksgiving be made for all people- 2for kings and all those in authority, that we may live peaceful and quiet lives in all godliness and holiness. 3This is good, and pleases God our Savior,

 

Isaiah 9:6-7  

 

For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. 7Of the greatness of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this.

 

Isaiah 33:22  Our three branches of government came from this verse:

 

For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; it is he who will save us.

 

https://www.gotquestions.org/Bible-government.html

 

The Bible speaks very clearly about the relationship between the believer and the government. We are to obey governmental authorities, and the government is to treat us justly and fairly. We are to obey governmental authorities, and the government is to treat us justly and fairly.

 

BIBLE VERSES ABOUT GOVERNMENT

 

1.       Romans 13:1 - Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: …

 

2.       Romans 13:1-7 - Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of …

 

3.       Acts 5:29 - Then Peter and the [other] apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather …

 

4.       1 Peter 2:13-17 - Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to …

 

See full list on kingjamesbibleonline.org

 

What Does the Bible Say about the Role of Government?

 

https://tifwe.org/bible-role-of-government

 

What Does the Bible Say about the Role of Government?

 

The government is an institution ordained by God. Today, we will explore what the Bible says about what government should do.

 

Punishing Evil, Promoting Good

 

According to Romans 13:4, government is supposed to punish the evildoer. It is a “minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil.”

 

Romans 12:17-19 tells the believer to, “never…pay back evil for evil,” and “never take your own revenge.” It’s not that God is telling us to forget or ignore injustice. God will exercise vengeance now or later, and the government is one of his tools for doing this.

 

To borrow a term from political theory, the government is filling a “negative” role when it punishes evil. This role involves punishing bad behavior in order to protect citizens in their pursuit of something legitimate. For example, by punishing evil, the government is protecting a citizen’s own pursuit of private property, health, and life. In contrast, government plays a “positive” role when it directly provides something to its citizens—like healthcare, food stamps, or low-interest student loans.

 

Romans 13:3 mentions the government’s positive role: “Do what is good and you will have praise from the same [authority].”

 

Note that this passage does not call the government to play a positive role by creating rights, goods, or services, but to give praise to those who actively do good. This praise could be giving special recognition to those who are serving in exemplary ways or just acknowledgment, official or otherwise, for being a good citizen. John Murray writes in The Epistle to the Romans that,

 

The praise could be expressed by saying that good behavior secures good standing in the state, a status to be cherished and cultivated.

 

This passage does not prohibit government from providing goods and services, but strongly puts the emphasis on upholding the rule of law and encouraging good behavior.

 

Similarly, 1 Peter 2:13-14 says,

 

Submit yourselves for the Lord’s sake to every human institution; whether to a king or one in authority, or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right.

 

Note again that this summary of government’s role gives primacy to the rule of law, or punishing evil. Government is also to give praise to those who do right, rather than doing the good itself.

 

Giving to Caesar What Is Caesar’s

 

Jesus rejected the political pathway to inaugurate his coming kingdom, and so should we. He said his “kingdom is not of this world.” He also acknowledged Caesar’s place in this world, commanding his followers to “give to Caesar what is Caesar’s,” while still recognizing God as the ultimate authority of the universe (Matt. 22:20-22). In his sermon “Arguing about Politics,” Tim Keller comments on how this passage addresses the role of government:

 

This was the very first theory of limited government in the history of the world…Give Caesar the money because it’s his money—he printed it—but don’t give him the allegiance…What Jesus Christ is saying is that you may give Caesar some of what he wants, which is his money, but you cannot give Caesar ultimately what he wants, which is to completely accept his system of coercion, his system of injustice, his system of exclusion…but we can’t give him that.

 

When standing before Pilate, Jesus acknowledged Pilate’s authority over him, but said, “You would have no authority over Me, unless it has been given you from above” (John 19:11).

 

Another indicative passage is 1 Timothy 2:1-2:

 

I urge that prayers…be made…for kings and all who are in authority in order that they may live a tranquil and quiet life in all godliness and dignity.

 

Note that the prayers are for the secular authorities to provide a rule of law so that there might be safety and security. In A Biblical Case for Limited Government, an IFWE research paper, scholar J.P. Moreland says this passage calls for prayers to “sustain stable social order in which people can live peacefully and quietly without fear of harm.”

 

The above passages are so important because they set forth the New Testament perspective toward secular government. The Old Testament had established a theocracy where Israelite kings were expected to adhere to the Old Testament law. Today, however, most people live in societies more similar to the pagan nations found in Amos 1 and 2, than to Israel. Moreland argues that the biblical laws for Israel are more applicable to the modern day church than the secular government. He points out,

 

The prophet chastises these [pagan] nations and rulers for violating people’s negative rights, e.g., for forced deportation of a population, torturing and killing pregnant women, stealing, forced slavery, and murder. There is no expectation in the passage that the nations and rulers were to provide positive rights for people. This is typical of the prophets and their understanding of the responsibilities of pagan rulers and nations.

 

While none of these New Testament passages support one form of government or another (or, as we observe this week in Congress, one spending bill over another), they do imply that government’s primary role is “negative” not “positive”—focused more on punishing evil and praising good behavior and less on providing goods and services.

 

At Least 5 Things Scripture Teaches Us

 

https://www.challies.com/articles/at-least-5-things-scripture-teaches-us-about-governments

 

·         Every government is put in place by God. Jesus answered [Pilate], “You would have no authority …

 

·         God uses even sinful governments to do his will. Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts: Because …

 

·         We ought to pray for those who govern us. First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, …

 

·         We should honor and submit to those who govern us. Jesus said to them, “Render to Caesar the…

 

Government is one of the facts of life in this world. All of human history has shown that we need to be governed. Not surprisingly, the Bible speaks to government. Here are five things the Bible teaches us.

 

John 19:11

 

Every government is put in place by God. Jesus answered [Pilate], “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above.”

 

Acts 4:27-28)

 

There is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. (Romans 13:1b)

 

God uses even sinful governments to do his will.

 

Jeremiah 25:8-9

 

Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts: Because you have not obeyed my words, behold, I will send for all the tribes of the north, declares the LORD, and for Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and I will bring them against this land and its inhabitants, and against all these surrounding nations. I will devote them to destruction, and make them a horror, a hissing, and an everlasting desolation.

 

Truly in this city there were gathered together against your holy servant Jesus, whom you [God] anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, along with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, to do whatever your hand and your plan had predestined to take place.

 

We ought to pray for those who govern us.

 

1 Timothy 2:1-2

 

First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way. (1 Timothy 2:1-2)

 

Mark 12:17

 

We should honor and submit to those who govern us. Jesus said to them, “Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” And they marveled at him.

 

(Romans 13:1-4)

 

Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment. For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. Would you have no fear of the one who is in authority? Then do what is good, and you will receive his approval, for he is God’s servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword in vain. For he is the servant of God, an avenger who carries out God’s wrath on the wrongdoer.

 

1 Peter 2:13-17

 

Be subject for the Lord’s sake to every human institution, whether it be to the emperor as supreme, or to governors as sent by him to punish those who do evil and to praise those who do good. For this is the will of God, that by doing good you should put to silence the ignorance of foolish people. Live as people who are free, not using your freedom as a cover-up for evil, but living as servants of God. 17 Honor everyone. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the emperor. All human governments will eventually end and Jesus will reign over everyone forever.

 

 

 

Isaiah 9:6-7

 

For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his name shall be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and of peace there will be no end, on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from this time forth and forevermore.

 

The zeal of the LORD of hosts will do this.

 

 

 

Revelation 19:11, 15-16

 

Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. … From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.